Radiography School Health & Immunization Policy
A. Because there is no reliable method available for identifying all patients or hospital personnel with infectious diseases, the University of Akron (UA) adheres to Body Substance Precautions in the care of all patients. Body Substance Precautions require all health care workers to wear protective equipment (gowns, masks/face protection, gloves, etc.) when in contact with all blood and body substances (urine, pus, saliva, feces, tissue, etc.) or when contact is probable. All protective equipment will be provided by the affiliated Clinical Education Centers (CEC) at no charge to the Student Radiographer. Each Student Radiographer is responsible for selecting the appropriate protective equipment for the task(s) to be performed.
B. Hand washing is the best way to stop the spread of infection. Frequent hand washing is one way every Hospital employee can help prevent the spread of infection.
C. Radiography students will be essentially "home-based" in their clinical facility during the first three (3) quarters of the 1st year of training. Students will start their off-site rotations to one of the other affiliating clinical facilities at the beginning of the 4th quarter of the program. To reduce the likelihood of the transmission of infectious diseases to all of these institutions, it is imperative that all student's immunization records be both current and reviewed prior to your first day of class.
II. TB TEST (PPD)
A. REQUIREMENT: All individuals must present proof of a two (2) step, PPD test (a TB tine test is not acceptable) for tuberculosis done within the last six (6) months. After that the individuals will receive an annual update of their PPD test.
B. GUIDELINES: If the student has a positive PPD, the student must have a chest x-ray done to R/O TB. If the chest x-ray is negative, no further documentation shall be required. If the chest x-ray is positive, the student may NOT be assigned to a clinical setting without a physician's permission after appropriate treatment and supportive documentation.
III. MEASLES, MUMPS, & RUBELLA
A. REQUIREMENT: All individuals must provide proof of two (2) sets of MMR vaccinations prior to the student's rotation into the clinical setting.
B. GUIDELINES: The immunization schedule for the MMR is a vaccine at 12-15 months of age and a second booster at the age of eleven (11) or older. Individuals without proof of immunity will not be permitted to begin their clinical rotations. Official documentation would include either a physician's, a clinic, or hospital documentation. Parent's documentation would not be considered valid. If a student cannot present official documentation, they would be required to receive and document getting an MMR prior to their clinical rotation.
IV. VARICELLA (CHICKEN POX)
A. REQUIREMENT: All individuals must make known their varicella (chicken pox) immune status prior to their clinical rotation.
B. GUIDELINES: Parent's documentation is acceptable. If parent's documentation is not available, but the student's sibling contracted varicella, this also would be considered acceptable documentation. Individuals who are unsure about their varicella status must have a titer completed. If the student has a positive titer, they may proceed with their clinical rotation. If the student has a negative titer, has not had varicella, or cannot document exposure to varicella, they (a) may be required to obtain a varicella vaccine or (b) continue to perform their clinical duties but, be advised of the likelihood of exposure (the CEC will dictate which option that they require).
V. HEPATITIS-B VACCINATION
A. REQUIREMENT: All individuals with patient contact must either receive the Hepatitis-B vaccine or sign a declination to receive the vaccine.
B. GUIDELINES: Every individual associated with the hospital shall be informed about the benefits of the hepatitis-B vaccine. The Occupational Safety & Hazards Act (OSHA) requires that all allied health persons be either (a) given the hepatitis-B vaccine or (b) that the healthcare person sign a waiver releasing the hospital of all liability responsibility. We STRONGLY recommend that all students obtain the hepatitis-B vaccine series! If a student chooses not to get the vaccination, official documentation signed by the student stating that they have refused the vaccine must be on file at the student's assigned CEC prior to any clinical rotation.
VI. DRUG SCREENING
A. REQUIREMENT: All students shall be drug screened prior to their initial clinical rotation.
B. GUIDELINES: Students must obtain a drug screening prior to any clinical rotations. If positive, each affiliating hospital reserves the right to deny that student from rotating through their institution.
VII. TETANUS/DIPHTHERIA (Td)
A. REQUIREMENT: All individuals must provide documentation that a tetanus-diphtheria (Td) booster has been done within the last ten (10) years.
B. GUIDELINES: As a general rule, if a student is unsure about receiving this shot or hasn't had the shot within the last ten (10) years, it is the responsibility of the student to get it prior to their clinical rotation.
VIII. BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
A. REQUIREMENT: Healthcare students who are infected with a bloodborne pathogen (positive HbsAg, HbeAg, HcAg (hepatitis C), positive HIV antibody test, the diagnosis of HIV infection or the diagnosis of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) are strongly encouraged to report their condition to the Radiography Program Director.
B. GUIDELINES: The Clinical Education Centers (CEC) are charged with the task of confidentiality and assessing risks to both the healthcare student and patients. Each case will be determined on an individual basis. Affiliating clinical sites reserve the right to deny any student from rotating through their institution.
IX. INFLUENZA VACCINATION
A. REQUIREMENT: All Student Radiographers are required to obtain an annual influenza vaccine or satisfactorily complete and submit the Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Declination Form by November 30th of each year. Students who are vaccinated must provide proof of their immunization to the program no later than November 30th of each year. Documentation of immunization could be a provider note or an itemized receipt for the immunization. If vaccine shortages occur, this policy may be altered, suspended or revoked. Student Radiographers must meet both the immunization requirements of the facility they are assigned to as well as the requirements of this policy.
B. GUIDELINES: Student Radiographers who choose to complete the declination form will NOT be allowed to clinically rotate to many of the CEC’s and may need to be re-assigned to a CEC that allows a person to not be vaccinated.
X. IMMUNIZATION RECORDS
A. All immunization records will be reviewed by the PD. If any immunization is positive, those records will be forwarded to the CEC that the student is assigned to for their review to determine if that student will be allowed to complete their clinical education at that facility. Based on their recommendations, boosters may be required before any patient contact is allowed. Student Radiographers who require boosters or who cannot provide their past immunization records must obtain those immunizations prior to any patient contact. All immunizations must be up-to-date before any patient contact is allowed.
Last revision date: September/2017
Last review date: March/2018